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To transform India, adolescent should be empowered as a change agents

Updated: Jun 17, 2020

Healthy adolescents are an important resource for the development of any nation. Today India have the large population of adolescent and these are the citizens and working force of tomorrow.



The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adolescence as the second decade of life, between the ages of 10 and 19 years. This age group comprises of individuals in a transient phase of life requiring nutrition, education, counseling, guidance and emotional support to ensure their development because the adolescence health is a key determinant of India's overall health, mortality, morbidity and population growth scenario. According the ‘global burden of disease in adolescents’ the total disability adjusted life years (DALYs) worldwide in the age group 10-24 years is 230 million which constitutes 15.5% of total DALYs.


Today, India is home to more than 243 million adolescents, who account for almost 20% of the country's population.

In India, millions of underprivileged children of marginalized and vulnerable communities are forced to work in unsafe and exploitative conditions. Early age of marriage, teenage pregnancy, unmet contraception need, maternal mortality, STI and HIV are some public health challenges faced by adolescent in India. Moreover poverty, illiteracy, poor personnel hygiene, psychological and social barriers make survival is a formidable struggle.


Over the past decade, rapid economic growth combined with appreciable efforts of government and non government organizations have led to the improved health and development of the country’s adolescents. However, many challenges still remain for India’s youthful population. In India the large socioeconomic and cultural inequalities, illiteracy and ignorance make adolescent more vulnerable for heath seeking behaviour and this results high burden of disease for the nation. To address the distinctive needs of adolescents a more positive multidimensional life-cycle approach is require that can break the vicious cycle through inter-generational transmission of poverty, exclusion and discrimination.


Healthy adolescents are an important resource for the development of any nation. Today India have the large population of adolescent and these are the citizens and working force of tomorrow. This opportunity should be utilized by emphasizing the need of adolescent through inter-sectoral linkage, to make adolescent health services more accessible, equitable, acceptable, appropriate, comprehensive, effective and efficient.

Investment in adolescent health will positively influence the economical growth and disease burden of India. Let us empowered adolescent to make them a change agents. A strong political will and commitment is necessary to boost up the adolescent health. Let us join together to make a huge challenge to potential strength of India.

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